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This research methodology will deploy primary and secondary studies. Such design and conduct will bridge the gap between theories of culture and ethics and their applications in real life municipality governance. Therefore, this study will apply the triangulation method to link the various literature theories reviewed to the practical state feedback. This corroboration will make the study valid, reliable and sensitive in study recommendation applications. (Knafl & Breitmayer , 1991) The study data analysis will be a twin strategy.

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The primary data analysis will involve reading the interview transcript; coding the interview feedback information; segmenting the information category; searching for the major study theories and conclusion of the findings as either univariate, bivariate or multi-variants policies and practices of the aims and objectives of the study. The interview sample size will target 10 interviewees. (Knafl & Breitmayer , 1991) Analysis of the study interview transcript and the procedure of coding the information

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The assimilation of the information gathered from the interview will be satisfactorily done by recording the interview and then transcribing. As soon as the various interviews with the municipal leadership are completed, coding will be done to ease analysis and reduce errors while connecting the feedback to the specific interviewee. (Knafl & Breitmayer , 1991). Coding will also help to keep the confidentiality of the interviewee as an ethical requirement. Therefore each of the 10 interviewees will be allocated an alphabetical code from A-J depending on the response rate from the convenience sample.

(Knafl & Breitmayer , 1991) Next the numerical codes will be assigned to question numbers (1-5) which in this case are the 5 study questions. It is expected that most of the responses will be subjective with little quantification attributes. (Knafl & Breitmayer , 1991). The transcribing of page numbers and lines will also follow a unique system. Since the interviewee transcripts will have been numbered as ‘Page A1; A2 etc or Page B1; B2 etc, all the transcript pages will where indicate where the specific interview response is. (Knafl & Breitmayer , 1991). The final coding process will adopt the following protocol:

1. To make the correlations and analysis easy, the interviewees have an alphabetical code therefore every page of the interview is codes as A1; A2…. or B1; B2…etc. 2. Remember the questions will be numbered from Q1-Q10 depen ding on the response convenience. 3. Therefore the lines for the specific responses will be denoted as; for Q1- per interview – starting Line No. 5 to 7- of page A1. The actual coding is, thus – A-Q1-p. A1 Line 5-7. On the same note, responses for Q5 will be traced as, say A-Q5- p. A2- Line 9-10, as an example. This process will be followed by an in-depth analysis. (Lipton, 1991)

Study framework The study will involve an in-depth literature review on culture and ethic in municipal governance in chapter 2 as an eye opener to the study position. Similarly, in-depth interview will be carried out on the same subject. The outcome will be used by the municipal government to improve their policies on organization culture and ethics. The following diagram elaborates the study framework.


Becker, H. and Geer, B. (1960) ‘Participant Observation: The Analysis of Qualitative Field Data’ in R. N. ADAMS and J. J. PREISS (editors) Human Organization Research: Field Relations and Techniques.

Homewood, IL: Dorsey Press Bok, S. 1999. Lying: Moral Choice in Public and Private Life. New York, NY: Pantheon, p. 49. Knafl, K. A. , and Breitmayer, B. J. , (1991). “Triangulation in Qualitative Research: Issues of Conceptual Clarity and Purpose. ” In Qualitative Research: A Contemporary Dialogue, edited by J. M. Morse. Newbury Park: Sage Publications Lipton, P. , (1991). Inference to the Best Explanation. London: Routledge Louis, M. R. , Posner, B. Z. , & Powell, G. N. (1983). “The availability and helpfulness of socialization practices. ” Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Inc.

Personnel Psychology, Vol. 36, 857866. Maanen, J. van , & Barley, S. R. , (1984). Occupational communities: Culture and control in work organizations. In B. Staw and L. L. Cummings (eds. ), Research in Organizational Behavior, Vol. 6. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, p. 287-365 McKinnon, B. (1998). Ethics: Theory and contemporary issues. Alibris. ISBN-13: 9780534564322 Perikins, J. (2007). The leaders Role in Building an Ethical Culture. California Municipal Treasurers Association. Management Partners Inc. Retrieved on April 6th, 2009 available at http://www. cmta. org/library/2007/Jan%20Perkins. ppt

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