These treaties, together with the very first one – European Coal and Steel Community- SEC&SC, represented both the strong movement at that time in Europe towards more ensue international cooperation and desire to create a “common market”. And the last but not the least is Lisbon Treaty which is an international agreement which amends the two treaties which form the constitutional basis of the European Union . The Lisbon Treaty was signed by the EX. member states on 13 December 2007, and entered into force on 1 December 2009.
It amends the Masochist Treaty and the Treaty establishing the European Community (ETC; also known as the Treaty of Rome). In this process, the Rome Treaty was renamed to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TOFU). Other important treaties: Merger Treaty of 8 April 1965, Single European Act of 17 February 1986, Treaty on the European Union (TEE) of 7 February 1992, Amsterdam Treaty of 2 October 1997, and Nice Treaty of 26 February 2001. 1 E enlargements Two major political issues for the EX. are European integration and enlargement.
The European Union (ELI) was created by six founding states in 1957 (following the earlier establishment by the same six states of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1952) and has grown to 28 member states. There have been seven enlargements, with the largest occurring on May 1, 2004, when 10 new member states Joined, allowed by Bulgaria and Romania on January 1, 2007, and Creation on July 1, 2013. 23 July 1952; The Treaty of Paris entered into force, establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (EXEC).
Founding members were the Benelux countries (Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg), France, Italy, and West Germany. 1 January 1958; The Treaty of Rome entered into force, establishing the European Economic Community (SEC), which later becomes the European Community (SEC). 5 July 1962; Algeria gains independence from France and leaves the SEC. 1 January 1973 (First Enlargement); Denmark, Ireland, and the United Kingdom accede to the SEC (Norway Political, economic and legal aspects in European integration issues. By robotics referendum on accession). January 1981 (Second Enlargement); Greece accedes to the SEC. 1985; Granted home rule by Denmark six years earlier, Greenland decides to leave the SEC following a referendum. (See member state territories). 1 January 1986 (Third Enlargement); Portugal and Spain accede to the SEC. 3 October 1990; East Germany and West Germany reunify (see German reunification), which increased the territory of the SEC without changing the number of member states. 1 November 993; The Masochist Treaty takes effect, formally establishing the European Union. January 1995 (Fourth Enlargement) ? Austria, Finland, and Sweden, accede to the EX.. 1 May 2004 (Fifth Enlargement, part Comprising the largest number of countries ever admitted at one time, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia accede to the EX. at a ceremony in Dublin. 1 January 2007 (Fifth Enlargement, part II); Bulgaria and Romania Join. 10 October 2010, The Caribbean islands of Bonfire, Saba and Sins Statutes become part of the Netherlands as special municipalities.
January 2012 Saint Barely loins 31 July 2013 Croatia Joins. 2(Seventh Enlargement) The fifth enlargement, considering the number of new members, was celebrated by almost all countries of the union with the minting of special, high value, commemorative coins. Among them is the Belgian 100 Euro European Union Expansion Coin. The reverse of the coin shows the new map of the union with the names of the ten new countries. Vision for a modern single market .
The European Commission has set out a package of initiatives to modernism the European single market and to bring more benefits to Europeans, building on past successes. The single market has already helped create competitive companies, reduced prices, more choice for consumers and a Europe attractive for investors. The Commission’s measures are based on extensive consultation. They will ensure that the single market does even more to take advantage of globalization, empower consumers, open up for small businesses, stimulate innovation and help maintain high social and environmental standards.
Among the most important policy actions set out in the single market package adopted by the Commission today are initiatives to: help consumers to exercise their contractual rights and get redress across orders; provide better information for consumers and small businesses; respond to weaknesses in sectors where the single market should deliver more; propose a Small Business Act; and introduce a “researcher passport”; clarify how EX. rules apply to services and social services of general interest; and promote the quality of social services across the EX.. Making globalization deliver for all Europeans The Commission is determined that the benefits of globalization cannot be “creamed off by vested interests with disproportionate market power but reach all European citizens. So the Commission will take action where markets do not deliver for consumers. The example of textiles has shown that the benefits of trade opening are not always passed on to end consumers due to bottlenecks and lack of competition.
The Commission will examine a range of sectors in more detail and propose policies globalizes world, Europe can build on the single market’s achievements by negotiating with third countries to achieve open markets and regulatory convergence, based on European practices where those work best. Small Business Act for Europe Adopted in June 2008, the Small Business Act for Europe is aimed to improve the verbal approach to entrepreneurship, permanently anchor the ‘Think Small First’ principle in policy making from regulation to public service, and to promote Seems’ growth by helping them tackle the remaining problems which hamper their development.
The Small Business Act for Europe applies to all independent companies which have fewer than 250 employees: 99% of all European businesses. European Union: Legislation for Seems On 31st of January, the European Commission launched a public consultation on the content of a European “Small Business Act” (IP/08/165, Brussels, 1st February 2008). Its objective is to put small and medium sized enterprises at the forefront of decision-making in the EX. and to introduce concrete measures to unlock the Seems’ growth potential.
As a result of the consultation, the new initiatives to reduce regulatory burden on Seems will be included, which would facilitate their access to Single Market/public procurement, help provide necessary financial/human resources for SEEM development and help Seems face the challenge of globalization and climate change. The Think Small First principle is at the heart of the Commission Communication Small Business Act for Europe.
The overarching objective of this political document is to irreversibly anchor the Think Small First principle in policy making through the application of 10 politically binding principles and a series of actions to be performed by the Commission and the Member States. Commenting on the launch of the public consultation, Vice President Gјenter Evergreen, responsible for the EX. enterprise and industry policy, said: “The crucial role of Seems and entrepreneurs for Rupee’s competitiveness has now been well recognized.
With the SABA we aim at fully unlocking this immense potential. But for this we need to know bout all the problems to solve, all the opportunities to seize. Every opinion matters and I call on everyone to contribute”. Six priorities Better regulation for the benefit of Seems, Putting Seems at the forefront of society, Seems access to markets, Seems access to finance, skills and innovation, Turning the environmental challenge into opportunities for Seems, and Enhancing the implementation of EX. SEEM policy principles. Background The ‘Single Market Act’ and the revised ‘Small Business Act’ with its ‘Think Small First’ principle clearly underline the Commission’s commitment to support the rise under the Smart Regulation agenda aiming at improving legislation for European businesses. Around 200 legal acts that bring substantial benefits for businesses have already been adopted with the “Simplification Rolling Programmer”. With the Action Plan for Administrative Burden Reduction, the Commission has tabled reduction proposals for 39 billion Euros for enterprises.
The importance of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (Seems) for the EX. economy is now well recognized and a comprehensive EX. SEEM policy was put in place in 2005 as an integral part of the Lisbon Partnership for Growth and Jobs . The Commission has made real efforts to cut red tape for Seems and has significantly increased the SEEM focused within major EX. spending programmed for the period 2007-2013. Member States have also substantially improved the Seems’ environment and progressed in their implementation of the 2006 Spring European Council conclusions, e. . By introducing one-stop shops for company registration and reducing the time and costs required to do so. Despite these significant improvements, in its Communication to the October 2007 Meeting of Heads of State and Government: “The European Interest: Succeeding in the age of globalization” the Commission underlined the need to fully unlock the growth and Jobs potential of Seems and make full use of their innovative capacities.
As a major contribution to this objective, the Commission proposed the preparation of a Small Business Act for Europe whose main aim will be to set principles and concrete measures to improve the framework conditions for European Seems, while taking full account of their diversity. This initiative was welcomed by the December 2007 European Council; the Commission’s objective is to come up with a proposal by June 2008. 5