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Should population be controlled in any way? The rate at which population of the world growing is alarming and to prevent a disaster from happening it needs to be controlled. Population basically is the total sum of individuals living in a particular area, country or the world as a whole and the exponential increase of the world population has lead to many problems leaving the leaders of the world scratching their heads on how to solve the problem. The change in population is dependent on three factors: birth, death and migration.

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The main factor of the rate of increase in the world population is by birth and it is very important we control this. Even though many country have try to limit their population growth by making law against giving birth to many children like china has made a policy of giving birth to one child only many developing and under developed country still face the problem of high birthrates. India and Kenya for instance faces a huge problem in this field.

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The birth rate is very high making the populations of the countries multiply. If this situation continues then not only the country but the whole world will face an immense problem. Death decreases the population but killing people and not caring about the people being killed is immoral and inhumane. Poisoning people and wishing for a big natural calamity isn’t the way to go. When we think of death we only think the direct impact of death on the change in population but miss out the psychological aspect of it.

In developed countries there isn’t a problem but in developing countries even death leads to an increase in population. When there is a high infant mortality rate and spread of diseases then people think that all of them won’t survive so they have to give birth to many then only few will be left and in some cases it doest work out the way it was supposed to, leading to an increase as a whole. Another factor affecting the population is migration but it doesn’t affect the world population just the distribution of the population.

Controlling it is also important as imbalance in the distribution can lead to many social, economic and environmental problems. Let’s take Nepal for instance; the distribution of people is not even. People are congested in the cities and the Terai part hiking the prices of land there and putting pressure on the lands there. International migration is also creating a lot of problem such as brain drain and uneven distribution of skilled man power.

The developed countries are attracting and pulling the skilled labor force. Another type of migration stirring a lot of controversy and given rise to obstruction in development is the refugee crisis. Refugees are unwanted by many countries as they think it’s not their problem but it actually is. It’s the whole world’s problem. The refugee’s should be distributed then concentrated in a country as the load per country will also decrease and at the same time the refugee has something to call home.

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Kylie Garcia

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