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It is important for every organization to take care of how it aligns its organizational and member goals in order to achieve the objectives it has outlined so as to be successful. The organization itself is comprised of a number of members, which may be wired in a complex manner and also learn in an interesting way. Leading an organization may be improved by the consideration of the way members of an organization are interlinked. Organizations need to consider their explicit objectives while coming up with efficient organizational structures.

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The manners in which interactions between the individuals of an organization interact with the organization itself have been explained in the organizational behavior theories. Because the internal environment of an organization is very distinct from the other organization, it will be necessary for the management to have a clear understanding of it so as to design structures that are efficient in meeting their goals. The management needs to have an understanding of the various theories that exploit the relationship between internal environments and the goals.

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It is important for the management to learn how the organizational structures are affecting or are being affected by the external environment. The external environment cannot be ignored in the designing of effective organizational structures in the modern markets, because they are increasingly becoming vital for the success of organizations. The external environments are being influenced by the governments, as well as other organizations, and so the organization must learn to discern what is best for them in this environment in order to excel.

Of most importance is the interaction of various factors at the international market, but also the domestic market is being challenged by external forces, as multinational companies expand their markets to various local markets. Organization design is all about matching the available resources and environment with the capabilities of the organization. The action of members of an organization must be considered in understanding the organization.

Such members act within certain limits stipulated within formalized structures of an organization. The members will be utilized to meet the goals and objectives of an organization. The objectives of an organization must be clearly defined and redefined. This is required by every organization, which must also rally for contribution, coordination and control over these objectives by all participants of them. In addition, (Triplett, 2007) the organization must choose well its members.

Formalized structure and goal specify has been utilized by rational theorists in understanding organizations. In order for the members of an organization to work effectively towards meeting the objectives, there was need for goal specificity, since ambiguous goals cannot meet this objective. Formalization results from the description of rules and regulations which members must follow in the activities that they are performing in order to meet the objectives, and this was provided by specific goals.

As members perform the various tasks, they will be affected by a number of rules and regulations, whose degree is considered in formalization. Standardization and regulation of behavior of the organizational members seek to make the behavior more predictable, reducing the uncertainties concerned, and this allows in the making of objective based decision making. The idea of controlling behavior became more important in the large organization because of the increased focus of control.

There are advantages that accrue to the rational view of the organizational design: it was effective when applied to large organizations, focuses on the equality expected by the members of the organization, and also focuses on the achievement of organizational goals. The view has been criticized on the basis that it does not allow human growth and development, and that small organization cannot apply it. Goal complexity and human behavior were studied under the natural system school of thought, which arose as a result of the perceived shortcomings of the rational school of thought.

It was used to explore the relationship between what happened in the organizations (actual occurrence) and the predicted actions. Goal complexity was considered as effective in understanding of the differences between real and stated goals (Triplett, 2007). According to the above view, conflict between individual and organizational goals could lead to failure of individuals meeting the organizational objectives. It is in this respect that this research proposes the consideration of individual goals in relation to the organizational goals, and the intertwining of the two.

There are many ways that this can be achieved, one being the selection of particular individuals in the execution of particular organizational goals, and secondly, the realignment of existing organization goals with the individual goals. But of the most important is to make sure that the individual goals are aligned with the organizational goals. The organizational goals must override the individual goals. Consider that there are many individuals in the organization. Realignment of the organizational goals with each of the varying individual goals will take time and in fact, it is impossible.

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Kylie Garcia

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