Investigating Travel and Tourism Introduction Travel and tourism is one of the world’s fastest growing industries and one of its largest. These are some of the reasons to understand why. Changing socio-economic circumstances. The main change was the Industrial Revolution. Urbanisation occurred as people moved to towns to get regular employment with days off. Since the industrial revolution, income and holidays increased. The income had a positive correlation with tourism; as the income increased so did tourism. In 1948, the holidays with pay was introduced. This meant everyone could have a holiday and have some time to enjoy themselves.
During post war there was the rise of teenage culture. Sexual liberation became more important for youths on holiday. People started to budget for holidays and slowly, working hours reduced. This meant people had more leisure time to do as they wish. Also more and more women had the freedom to do what they want and weren’t put down. Technological Developments. In the 19th century and early 20th century, seaside holidays were the fashion. The transport was the railway, and it became more and more popular with families visiting the seaside especially Blackpool for the North West of England, areas like Manchester.
During the post war the jet engine was introduced. It had a pressurised cabin which stopped people’s ears from popping. These were designed to take people abroad. These jet engines, although were impressive at the time, were not as safe as they should have been. Technology gradually improved as computerised booking and air traffic control was introduced. These facilities helped made flying easier. Even better was the internet which made booking and looking at flight details easier. Also at holiday resorts or camps, rides and amusements have improved dramatically. Product Development and Innovation.
Between 1860 and 1940 working class were happy enough with the seaside holiday, or the “bucket and spade” holiday. Camping and owning your own caravan was a craze and at the time fulfilled people’s holiday expectations. But in 1950 Billy Butlin created Butlin`s holiday camp. This was a key development in tourism as the camps offered so many new things to all ranges of ages and status’s, from single to families. Although it wasn’t the greatest invention. In 1960s and 70s package holidays created mass tourism abroad. This became increasingly popular as in the 1970s and 80s people took distant holidays to Greece, Mexico etc.
This gave people new experiences in culture and food which didn’t always go down well! The latest trend is the all-inclusive holidays where you pay a certain price and it covers everything. This can only lead to greater things. Changing needs, Expectations and Fashions. It became more acceptable to have the freedom to take a holiday. Although at the same time the expectations of holidays gradually increased as package holidays and trips to Blackpool weren’t good enough anymore. Exotic holidays to far away destinations became what everyone wanted. Sun had to be a cert, as everyone wanted the dream tan.
Holiday expectations became higher than at home. The fashions in holidays have changed as well. Most people don’t want to stay in England and go to distant places. Standards have increased as people expect so much more from a holiday. No one would be happy in a boarding hotel in this day and age. The post-war Development of the Travel and Tourism Industry. 1. Changing Socio-Economic Circumstances. The car-owning society. Car ownership- changes over time. Car ownership has changed dramatically since 1953 in which 3 million cars were owned in the UK, meaning 14% of the population owned cars.
But by 1997, 22 million cars were owned in the UK; therefore 68% of the population owned cars. I found the information for this graph at: www. dft. gov. uk The graph demonstrates how the number of cars owned in the UK increased from 1979 in 1950 to over 23899 in 2001. Latest data from the department for transport shows that car ownership in 2002 was over 24543 thousand. In another 10 years time I predict that cars owned will be over 26000 and will be continuously increasing. The increase of car ownership can be based on many factors. One of these main factors is the increase of disposable income.
This occurs due to the increase of pay. After people have paid bills and for other necessities, people have more disposable income to spend on cars and other such as leisure and consumer goods. Another issue to consider about the increase of car ownership is that there are flexible ways of borrowing money. Loans enable people to buy cars. Years ago borrowing money was very hard and wasn’t as easy as it is today. This explains the gradual increase of car ownership. In the UK, cars have become relatively cheaper due to automation. This means cars have become more affordable for many people.
Also this suggests that productivity has increased as well if the price is cheaper. Meaning there are more offers on cars on the market. I feel car ownership has increased due to how flexible it is. Unlike buses and other public transport, you don’t have a timetable and therefore you can go wherever you want, whenever you want. Having a car is also very convenient due to the flexibility. Unlike public transport, there is no control of route or pace when owning your own car. This gives people the freedom to plan their own journey and go at any pace they would like to.
Another reason for the increase of vehicle ownership which relates to public transport is that it is very far reaching. It is not direct and doesn’t reach all destinations possible. This is what makes owning a car such as luxury and a necessity in most people’s lives. Owning a car gives you a personal experience. You can then choose who you want to be with and everything is up to you. When on a bus or train, you endure unpleasant experiences and you have no choice. Having your car gives you the liberty to choose what you do and who you choose to be with.
Motorways give car owners the choice to travel easily and quickly to far destinations. It is so simple but yet offers a much efficient journey. The following map shows the motorway network in the UK and M6 Toll. I got the map from: http://www. m6toll. co. uk/maps/overview_map. pdf It shows how easy it is to get around the UK on the motorway system. Conclusion. There is a definite clear relationship between the increase of car ownership and the increase of the travel and tourism industry, especially domestic. People who have a car gives them the chance to go to leisure parks, go for a meal at a pub or visit amusement parks.
The choices are endless when you have the freedom to go to places when you want, with who you want. Cars give people this freedom. Increased leisure time. There are many factors that suggest why leisure time has increased since the 19th century. These are the points to consider why: Labour saving technology such as washing machines, microwaves and dishwashers mean that today in the 20th century, these inventions release time for more leisure activities and gives people more spare time to do what they want. 50 years ago people were tied down by doing the washing and cleaning by hand and cooking meals from the bare ingredients.