Wuthering Heights’ first published in 1847 under the pseudonym Ellis Bell is written by Emily Bronte and it is her only novel. Emily Bronte used the name ‘Ellis Bell’ due to the fact that this book was published in the 1800’s when women hardly had any rights therefore Emily Bronte thought it better to use a male name as both her sister’s did. The word ‘Wuthering’ means turbulent weather in Yorkshire language; therefore it is used to describe the disastrous weather on the moors where this story is based.
This book uses very old and intricate language as it is set way back in the 1800’s. The haunting intensity of Catherine Earnshaw’s attachment to Heatchcliff is the focus of this novel in which relations between men and women are described with an emotional and imaginative power unparalleled in English fiction. The narrative tale tells the story of the all-encompassing and passionate, yet thwarted, love between Heathcliff and Catherine Earnshaw, and how this unresolved passion eventually destroys them and many around them.
Catherine and Heathcliff had always been very close to each other and were always indivisible. But miserably, they were indeed separated many times due to many various reasons. Catherine and Heathcliff turned into soul mates only a few days after Mr Earnshaw found a ‘black gypsy’ wandering on the silent and violent streets of Liverpool and decided to espouse him, it was Mr Earnshaw himself who gave this black gypsy a Christian name ; Heathcliff. It was fate that Mr Earnshaw randomly found Heathcliff and brought him home.
The first separation between Catherine and Heathcliff was when they were children. They were inseparable and enjoyed spending time together running wild on the moors all the time, as a punishment Heathcliff and Cathy would be sent into separate rooms for a whole day, something they couldn’t bare. This was the biggest punishment they could ever get as Nell Dean had said ‘the greatest punishment we could invent for her was to keep her separate from him’.
This showed how close Cathy and Heathcliff were and the family was to blame for their first separation. The next time that the two were separated was when Hindley returned after Mr Earnshaw’s death, Hindley hated Heathcliff his whole life due to Mr Earnshaw favouring Heathcliff more than his own blood, as a result when Mr Earnshaw died Hindley made himself the master of the house and degraded Heathcliff by making him a servant. This resulted in Cathy and Heathcliff not being able to see each other as often as they had before.
When Hindley came to the funeral with a wife called Frances, he became tyrannical as Nelly says ‘ He drove him from their company to the servants, deprived him of the instructions of the curate, and insisted he should labour out of the doors instead, compelling him to do so as hard as any other lad on the farm’. By not letting Heathcliff complete his education and making him work and live like all the other servants he degraded Heathcliff completely and lowered his social class. Jealousy and revenge both play a big part in this separation of Cathy and Heathcliff.
Jealousy due to the fact that Mr Earnshaw would always prefer Heathcliff, a ‘black gypsy’ found on the streets of Liverpool, to Hindley, his own blood. It is comprehensible that Hindley would feel jealous if his own father preferred an adopted boy than Hindley himself just as any other boy would. Hindley’s jealousy towards Heathcliff increased to highest level it could possibly be when Mr Earnshaw sent Hindley to boarding school just so that Heathcliff is safe. Mr Earnshaw made it very evident that he loved and cared for Heathcliff much more than for Hindley.
Hindley realised this in time as Nelly narrates ‘The young master had learnt to regard his father as an oppressor rather than a friend, and Heathcliff as an usurper of his parents affection and his privileges, and he grew bitter with brooding over these injuries’. The jealousy Hindley had for Heathcliff also played a big part in the revenge Hindley took against Heathcliif as the jealousy made Hindley hate Heathcliff to the limit and wanted to get back at him in a cruel and tyrannical way. Family also played a big role in this separation as it was Mr Earnshaw’s fault for not treating both his sons equally.
When Catherine and Heathcliff went to Thrushcross Grange she was bitten by a dog. This is an important separation that needs to be discussed as it is apparent that this is a big turning pointing the novel. One Sunday evening, it chanced that they were banished from the sitting-room, for making a noise, and when Nelly went to look for them they were nowhere to be found. It emerged that Cathy and Heathcliff had run away to get a sight of liberty and while they were enjoying their free liberty they got a glimpse of the grange light therefore went to get a clue about how the Linton’s spend their Sunday evenings.
While they were their they were having a great time watching Edgar and Isabella but that time didn’t last long as someone from the grange heard the two of them laughing. They sent a dog to catch Cathy and Heathcliff but Heathcliff got away while the dog bit Cathy. As a result Cathy was taken into the grange as Edgar Linton recognised Catherine, Heathcliff on the other hand was told to get lost and was socially discriminated when they called him ‘a wicked gypsy’. Fate also plays a big role here as it has in the whole book; it was destiny that Cathy got bitten by the bulldog not Heathcliff.
It was five weeks during which Cathrine stayed at the grange away from Heathcliff. During this time she was introduced to a lot of new things she had never seen before like luxuries and wealth. The Linton’s loved her like their own child and treated her better than everyone in her own family; they groomed her into a fine beautiful young lady. All these luxuries made Cathy a very materialistic person. One more thing is the Lintons were upper class while the Earnshaws were middle class, after the rise in class it was very hard for Cathy to change class again.
Everyone in the Earnshaw residence was totally astonished after seeing a fine young lady who was well dressed instead of the old mischievous dirty girl who used to run around the moors everyday. At seeing Cathy, Hindley praised Cathy by saying ‘Why Cathy! You’re quite a beauty. ‘ Cathy also made a joke out of Heathcliff by saying ‘Why, how very black and cross you look! And how-how funny and grim! But that’s because I m used to Edgar and Isabella Linton’. Heathcliff could not bare this and replied by saying ‘I shall not stand to be laughed at, I shall not bear it’. This started creating problems in Cathy and Heathcliff’s relation.