The Yellowstone National Park is one of the 375 national parks owned and managed by one of the federal management agencies, as well as the National Park Service. This is under the control of the US Department of the Interior. The Yellowstone National Park has parameters which were set forth by the National Park Service, the National Parks Organic Act of 1916 and the regulations under the US Code of Federal Regulations (Kate et al. ). Since its permit was issued by Erwin to W. A.
Setchell in 1898, the system of permits in regulating the access to the Park’s biological resources has been in place in the Yellowstone National Park. Before 1995, all of the collecting permits for Yellowstone was collected under those permits that could not be commercialized. However, since 1995, the language of the =Yellowstone Research Specimen Collecting Permits was changed so that “collections shall be used for scientific or educational purposes only, and which shall be dedicated to public benefit and must not be used for profit, unless authorized by the superintendent of the Park.
” (Kate et al. ). Even if Congress set aside the Yellowstone National Park in 1872, there was no real system of national parks until the National Park Service was created on August 25, 1916 to administer areas which were designated to the U. S. Department of the Interior. (When Did the NPS Begin). Yellowstone’s name is historically credited to the Native Americans who lived in and around the park area. The name is basically derived from the Yellowstone River. The Yellowstone River has high yellow rock cliffs along its banks in the northern area of the present day park.
The Native American Minnetaree tribe called the river “Mi tsi a da zi,” which means “Rock Yellow River. ” French fur trappers translated this to “Yellow Rock” or “Yellow Stone. ” Hence, Yellowstone was named (“The Total Yellowstone Page, p. 1). Ironically, when these parks were conceived, the national parks were intended to be self-supporting with managers directly responsible for expenses that will be incurred by the parks. Under the initial park system operations, the congressional appropriations must be limited to initial investments in roads and visitor facilities.
Ferdinand Hayden, one of the early discoverers and explorers of the country’s first national park, the Yellowstone National Park, told the Congress that the park would need no appropriated funds. The Yellowstone National Park was created in 1872, but no money was given for its operation. Many averred that the income from the leases will be enough to “operate the necessary highways and providing a proper police force. ” Thus, in 1916, there were at least five parks that proved that their income earning capabilities were enough to cover the operating expenses.
The receipts from the fees were placed in a special account which was proximate to the Park Service and did not have congressional appropriation (Fretwell and Podolsky, 2003). Thus, the revenues from the Park were just enough to cover the operating expenses. Consequently, the lack of funding to cover boundary enforcement and the initial development hampered the management of the park. It got its law enforcement and management from the army (Fretwell and Podolsky, 2003).
This is one of the most popular national parks in the United States. It has had at least 2 million tourists since the mid-1960s and many tourists have visited the park yearly. During summer, approximately 3,700 employees work for Yellowstone National Park concessionaires. These concessionaires handle nine hotels and lodges, with a total of 2,238 hotel rooms and cabins available. They also administer gas stations, stores and campgrounds. Some employees work either permanently or seasonally for the National Park Service.
During the 42nd Congress of the USA, an Act was promulgated to set apart a certain tract of land lying near the headwaters of the Yellowstone River as a public park. This was said to be under the exclusive control of the Secretary of the Interior, whose duty was to make and publish rules and regulations for proper care and management. Such regulations will present ways of preservation, from injury or spoliation, of all timber, mineral deposits, natural curiosities, or wonders within said park, and their retention in their natural condition.